Netherlands: The Dutch homeowner’s association (VvE) explained

I’ve come across several cases recently in which buyers have been hit with unexpected bills, but this can be avoided if you are aware of your rights and obligations with regard to the VvE. Your makelaar (real estate agent) and notary are better placed than I am to help you with questions about the VvE […]

Australia: Why do Good Owners make Bad Strata Decisions?

Even though strata buildings are full of good, smart and well-intentioned people, they don’t always make great decisions. And sometimes strata buildings delay important decisions or, worse still, actually make really bad decisions. Why is that and what dynamics create those kinds of counterinitiative outcomes? The many potential reasons for the phenomenon should be studied […]

Turks and Caicos Islands: A Guide To Purchasing Property

Purchasing a property can be one of the most stressful experiences in life, especially when also contending with a foreign country and unfamiliar jurisdiction. However, purchasing your dream property on a paradise island may not be as complicated or scary as you think. We have set out below a guide to the main steps involved […]

Europe: Mastering the Art of Strata Management Transformation

Strata management, often regarded as the backbone of well-run residential complexes, is a multifaceted discipline with a profound impact on daily life. For residents in condominiums or apartment complexes, the seamless operation and maintenance of these properties are attributed to the art of strata management. Far from a simple task, strata management involves a meticulous […]

Australia: Demystifying Unit Entitlement (WA)

If you’re a proud strata owner in Western Australia, understanding “Unit Entitlement” (UE) is vital. This term plays a pivotal role in defining your rights, responsibilities, and financial commitments within WA’s unique strata landscape. In this article, we’ll delve into the intricacies of Unit Entitlement as outlined by the current Strata Titles Act in Western […]

Australia: Don’t You Dare Sue Me – Overstepping the Mark

Is it legitimate for a lot owner to pressure an owners corporation not to sue her or defend legal action she takes against the owners corporation? And what happens when the lot owner oversteps the mark? Can the owner be held in contempt of court? A recent NCAT case considered that very issue.   Read the […]

Australia: Does NCAT have the Power to Resolve all Strata Disputes? (NSW)

A recent hot topic has been the width of the powers given to NCAT to resolve strata disputes.  In particular, can NCAT resolve any strata dispute or just some disputes?  This interesting issue was considered in a recent decision of the Appeal Panel of NCAT.   Read the article………………………..

Philippines: How do homeowners’ associations operate?

The essence of community life is association and cooperation for without these such broader welfare goals cannot be attained, according to the Supreme Court in Bel-Air Village Association Inc. v. Dionisio.      Read the article………………………..

Australia: Effective from 1 September 2022, PSAR Regulation – New Provision about Handover of Records to Self-Managed Schemes

The primary change for strata and community managing agents relates to the expansion of the requirements under Schedule 4 Rules specific to strata managing agents and assistant strata managing agents (previously Schedule 6 of the 2014 regulations). Clause 1 of Schedule 4 is set out in full below:   Read the article………………………..

Israel: Condominium Buildings and Electric Vehicle Charging Stations – New Ruling

A recent ruling by the supervisor of the Israel Land Registration addresses, inter alia, the installation of an EV charging station in the car park of a condominium building.  The general meeting of a condominium building’s tenants is responsible for passing decisions about the use of common property in a condominium. A draft bill is […]

Australia: Building Defects: Who in Construction is Liable?

Is “a person who carries out construction work” limited to the entity that was contracted to do the work such as, the builder and developer or does it also include all persons involved in completing the project work such as a supervisor, director or project manager?  Read the entire article……………………………….

Australia: Who wants Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging and who Should Pay?

With the current rise in fuel prices affecting Australia, the demand for Electric Vehicles (EV) is at an all-time high. Discussion around EV charging are attracting all sorts of attention as recently set out in the Sydney Morning Herald article.  In a group setting such as an owners corporation where you have owners and tenants […]

The new case South Africans living in complexes and estates should know about

The issue of short-term rentals in residential complexes is a thorny one, says BBM Law director Marina Constas.  “For permanent residents, units rented out on a short-term basis – whether through Airbnb or other channels – can be bad news, jeopardising the development’s reputation, property values and security. For many property investors, however, short term […]

Thailand – Condominium Disputes: Rights And Responsibilities Of Joint Owners

“Condominium” combines the Latin roots com (“together”) and dominium (“right of ownership or property”) into a word that literally means “shared property.” This shared ownership of property—which in the condominium’s case has come to mean a large building of residential units—has been enormously popular in Bangkok and other Thai cities,      Read the entire article……………………………….

UAE: Jointly Owned Property Regulations in Dubai

Being a part of the Owners Association necessitates a payment known as the annual service charge, which will be utilized for the maintenance and preservation of the community. In Dubai Law Number 27 of 2007 was introduced as the Strata Law, to establish the regulations with regards to the ownership of jointly owned real property […]

Australia: Combustible Cladding, Class Actions & Australian Consumer Law

One of the potential routes to recovery for strata owners faced with the cost of council orders requiring the replacement of combustible cladding may be actions against the manufacturers under the Australian Consumer Law.  At present Federal Court Class Actions are on foot representing all person who are effected by the apparent failure of Alucobond […]

Ghana: What you need to know about condominiums

Condominiums or condo is a term used in the United States and most provinces in Canada. Condos are more complicated than buying and living in a single family home. You must understand what it is you are purchasing and whether the lifestyle will suit you and your family.   Read the article……………………..

Romania: Real Estate Law: Important news on condominiums

On 28 September 2018 a new law (the law) came into force, providing new regulations relevant in practice for properties jointly owned by several persons. The law replaces in full the previous law on the establishment, organization and functioning of ownership communities. It is relevant to owners and purchasers.  It applies to every owner, tenant, […]

Malaysia: Strata management tribunal – Classification of claims

A claim that is filed with the Strata Management Tribunal (SMT) may be classified either for negotiation or for hearing pursuant to the Strata Management (Strata Management Tribunal) Regulations 2015 (SMT Regulations).  The term negotiation is defined by as bargaining (give and take) process between two or more parties (each with its own aims, […]

Defects in Strata Buildings – the strata building bond explained

Defects in newly constructed high-rise developments are becoming more and more prevalent, especially in Sydney.  With the aim of addressing this, there are now new obligations on property developers in New South Wales pursuant to Part 11 of the Strata Schemes Management Act 2015.     Read the article……………….

Cayman Islands: Restrictions on short-term letting and Strata by-laws

For some time there has existed a potential conflict between Strata by-laws which expressly seek to limit strata owners from short-term letting of their units, usually for less than a month or requiring the use of a particular rental manager, and Para 21(4) of the Strata Titles Registration Law (Revised) (the Strata Law) which reads:  […]

Myanmar: Passing Of Condominium Regulations

In December 2017, the Ministry of Construction passed the much anticipated Condominium Rules under notification No. 267/2017 (the “Condo Rules”), almost two years following the enactment of the Condominium Law (2016) (the “Condo Law”). With investment in Myanmar’s condominium market slowing considerably over the last year, the introduction of the Condo Rules reflects the Myanmar […]

Get ready for the new NSW Strata Defects Regime

The new Strata Defects Regime will have short- and long-term effects on developers, and they should be getting ready now.  New South Wales’ new Strata Defects Regime established under the Strata Schemes Management Act 2016 is about to commence on 1 January 2018, and with the release of the Strata Schemes Management Regulations 2016 developers […]

Overview of Strata Structures in Dubai

Common areas in certain real estate projects in Dubai belong jointly to the owners of units in the project. The management of such common areas is governed by the provisions of Law No. 27 of 2007 and a set of directions and regulations.   This article summarises the various entities and documents involved with the management […]

Thailand: Condominium Disputes: Concerns for Joint Owners

Condominiums have long been one of the most popular properties for people living in Thailand’s big cities. The different units in a condominium are individually owned, while common properties, such as lobby areas or swimming pools, are jointly owned by the owners of individual condominium units.  Unfortunately, disputes among joint owners (the owners of units […]

Special Economic Zones – Quietly Advancing Freedom And Transforming Countries

Though not special economic zones in the modern sense, zones governed by special rules have existed almost as long as government itself.  The astonishing growth in SEZs over time qualifies as a revolution of sorts, but not the usual, political kind.  Instead of being imposed by domestic or foreign enemies, this revolution has come from […]

Japanese Condominium Bans Greetings Within the Condominium Property

It was recently reported that a Japanese condominium has implemented a rule that prohibits residents from greeting each other while on the condominium property. This rule was adopted out of concern for the safety of elementary school-age children living in the condominium.  As parents were instructing their children to run away if they were greeted […]

Community Democracy in Cayman Islands’ Strata Corporations

A recent decision of the Grand Court may affect role of developers of strata corporations in the Cayman Islands, particularly where the strata development forms part of a larger resort complex, perhaps incorporating timeshare apartments or a hotel.    Read the article…………

A Quick Guide to the New Abu Dhabi Strata Law

For those in the real estate industry, the easiest way to understand the new Abu Dhabi strata law is to compare it with the already familiar Dubai strata law. The two Emirates’ laws, in most cases, reach the same place by similar means. For property developers and owners’ association managers working across both jurisdictions, the […]

Understanding Homeowners Association Reserve Accounts (India)

A significant cost, when buying a property that is part of a small common interest development, can often be the monthly or other periodic fees due to the homeowners association. A lot of homeowners mistakenly look on this money as part of their investment and while they are not entirely wrong, once the money is […]

Home ownership Rights (Philippines)

MANY people living in subdivisions and villages are not aware that a law had been passed mandating the rules and regulations that have to be observed in so far as their right to organize in these subdivisions and villages is concerned.  This is where the Magna Carta of Homeowners and Homeowners Associations under Republic Act […]

Jamaica: Destroying A Strata Plan

Destruction is a word that connotes damage, so how then can this be a suitable remedy to rectify errors on a strata plan?  Individual ownership of strata apartments was facilitated by the passing of The Registration (Strata Titles) Act in 1969. This allowed individual certificates of title to be issued for each apartment in the […]